Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD)

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) is characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity that is present before the age of 7 years. Inattention may interfere with social, academic, or occupational performance. In childhood, this often manifests in difficulty completing school-related tasks, messy schoolwork, careless errors, and difficulty following directions. Adults with ADHD frequently have difficulty organizing and completing tasks. High levels of distractibility and difficulty focusing and maintaining concentration are evident in both children and adults. Hyperactivity often involves excessive fidgetiness or squirming. Difficulty remaining seating, frequent running and climbing, and excessive talking are often noted. In addition to inattention and hyperactivity, impulsivity may also be present in the form of frequent intrusion of others’ conversations and difficulty delaying responses (e.g., blurting out answers in class). Ability to socialize and obtain/maintain friendships are often hindered as a result.

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